If you look at a bird’s-eye view of every human shelter and city over the last 20,000 years, you’ll find some common patterns: they’re surrounded and protected, and there are sunlight, water, agriculture, and societal/financial parameters in constructing and maintaining a human homestead.
Unfortunately, we can’t race and rush to our free land like Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman in the Oklahoma Land Rush anymore. But, we have our brains, DIY skills, and research on the Internet.
What Are The Key Factors in Choosing a Homestead?
No matter where you are in the world, the ideal homestead property starts with sunlight, weather & temperature considerations, fertile land, and access to water.
Ample sunlight all year round ensures your mental/physical health, power sources, and vegetation growth. In 2022, finding a set of solar panels for sale from your local hardware store just isn’t that hard anymore. Review of our upcoming article: How to Set Up Your Own Solar Energy System on how to start your off-the-grid power system on a figuratively permanent energy source (it’ll be good for your kids and multiple generations and there are other more pressing catastrophes to take into mind). Each solar power system is made of key components you’ll begin learning about in your setup journey. (1) Solar panels, (2) transformer, (3) converter, (4) power storage, and (5) connections to home hardware. As you have your power up and running, your garden provides fruits and vegetables in as many colors as you can grow, hopefully, in tandem with your long-term food storage stores, will provide your group or community with as many nutrients as the human body needs.
The Sunbelt (Weather & Temperature)
The Kinder Institute defines the Sun Belt as all areas in the continental U.S. below 36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude. The region consists of 15 states — Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.
Water and Air Quality
Wherever you buy make sure you have a good and reliable source of water. Naturally-mineralized water is the best source of water to consume, even at Evian levels. Relatively easy filtration of a flowing water source means essentially a never-ending supply of drinking, showering, and gardening water. The quality of drinking water and any tap sources represent the other side of your water analysis.
Air quality is that fresh and crisp breath of air you take when you exit your abode. With nanoparticles (PM2.5) as a relevant respiratory concern, take urban air quality and drinking water quality into account when selecting your homestead location.
|RANK||STATE||URBAN AIR QUALITY||DRINKING WATER QUALITY|
Fertility of Soil
Beyond the Sunbelt, along the equator, in a range of about 50 degrees latitude to -40 degrees latitude, exist temperate-for-humans areas where we, and plants, survive exceedingly well, so much so that our greatest cities and metropolises originate in this zone throughout Earth. Generally, surrounded by deltas, rivers, and valleys, in this range, rainfall is sufficient and/or abundant, with most fertile land fed by tributaries and ecosystems of micro, granular scales to macro-level climatological effects: as in how Saharan Dust feeds Amazon jungles (NASA, 2015) to mutant growth and fertility.
Proximity to a Cities and Habitations
Whenever you end up choosing, the logistics in gathering your supplies and storing them will include commuting to and from your homestead to a centralized, urban center. Urban centers offer grocery markets, hardware stores, gardening shops, equipment manufacturing, and access to guns and munitions. Ideally, being within 20 miles (32.1km) makes for any kind of travel mostly efficient. Your supply runs, your way home, and your logistics become managable and planned, with mitigation of extended disaster impact (more people = more stuff happening; farther away, but not too far is better).
Disaster Risk and Risk Management
While Hawaii has the best urban and drinking water indexes, one runs the risk of hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. These factors are within your control to decide in choosing your property location, but, at least you have some information.
Risk Factors Underlying Disasters
- Climate Change can increase disaster risk in a variety of ways – by altering the frequency and intensity of hazard events, affecting vulnerability to hazards, and changing exposure patterns.
- Environmental Degradation is both a driver and consequence of disasters, reducing the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological needs.
- Globalized Economic Development resulted in increased polarization between the rich and poor on a global scale.
- Poverty and Inequality are both a driver and consequences of disasters and the processes that further disaster risk-related poverty are permeated with inequality.
- Poorly planned and Managed Urban Development. A new wave of urbanization is unfolding in hazard-exposed countries and with it, new opportunities for resilient investment emerge.
- Weak Governance zones are investment environments in which public sector actors are unable or unwilling to assume their roles and responsibilities in protecting rights, and providing basic services and public services.
What are the 4 elements of Disaster Risk Management?
These common elements allow you to prepare for and protect yourself and your animals from disaster. Emergency managers think of disasters as recurring events with four phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery.
Mitigation – how can you limit the impact of disasters?
Preparedness – what can you prepare now to handle emergencies with everything (or most of) you might need?
Response – what your local governmental response system capabilities? (Fire, Police, Hospital, Rescue) and your personal response and evacuation plans?
Recovery – after all is said and done, what are your recovery options and pathways?
See our articles on hurricane and medical preparedness for more information on disaster preparation, mitigation, response, and recovery.
Gun-Friendly Index and Laws
No matter what disaster brings, with it, is desperation in people…and there’s just no telling what they’ll do. The ownership, operation, and practices in the usage of arms is up to you, but in the case you want to prepare for the prevention of violence with a “big stick”, this is a main factor. Review the self-protection/self-defense laws, and the registration and licensing of guns of whereever you choose your homestead.
Below, you’ll find an analytical tool: The Homestead Relocation Tool. You’ll find a nifty CODA program that filters states by income tax, days of sunshine, annual rainfall, a gun friendly index, and land price per acre, made just for you, our dear practical prepper, and reader.
Note: Property Amenities, Resources, and Ecological Advantages
Remember, every property is essentially unique, from your tiny plot of land, to your massive acreage for a community of survivors. Every place has some unique advantage that can be adapted to your purposes whether it’s a small garden, or a solar system installation. Look above and below for opportunities to build, and what is growing nearby you. These are the advantages each special location has to offer.
How to Select a Location for My Purpose and My Family/Group?
Looking outside of the US you want to look at the equatorial zone. Columbia, Mexico, Thailand? In Puerto Rico, you can buy several acres in the mountains, be 1 hour away from a big city, and pay around $150,000 for a concrete structure on it.
Everybody’s needs are different so many factors to look at. All the different variables presented above and below comprise an overview analysis for a person staking their claim upon an area, and making it their own.
Here are a few profiles and suggested needs-basis and advantages to help a prepper out in choosing their property.
Profile Level 1. “We Don’t Want to Live in The City Forever.”
- <1/4 acre
- Long-term food storage
- No off-grid power or IIAB
- Bottled water and some basic filtration capabilities
- Vehicles, stored gasoline, and intermediate garage/workshop/tool setup
Profile Level 2. “We are Going Off the Grid.”
- 1/4 acre to 1 acre
- Greenhouse and sectioned agriculture
- Small livestock potential
- Sustainable green energy in a long-term off-grid power system & storage
- Fresh water access and additional watershed options i.e. aquifers, groundwater, ice, extensive hydro filtration
- Fully stocked and supplied workshop garage
Profile Level 3. “I Am Financially Ready to Create a True Homestead.”
- 1 acre – 5 acres per person for semi-long-term sustainability
- Sustainable, renewable construction materials in fallowed growth: bamboo, forest, or anything potentially as a source for new materials in materials science
- Limited livestock sustainability
- Clay, mud, and sediment readily available within driving distance or on your land
- Access to machinery, machining facilities, and/or resources
- Unique resources with multiple applications
Profile Level 4. A Community in-the-Making
- 5+ acres per person for long-term sustainability
- Biodiversity in materials, vegetation, animal life, insects, and bacteria
- Lifestock and feeding land potential
- Caverns, caves, lava tubes, and underground networks
- Roads, rail, airport, major rivers, centralized valleys, and basically “The Best of The Best of What the Planet Earth’s Sunbelt (Around the World) Has to Offer.”
An American Patriot Survivalist Continental Overview
Property laws, taxation, and key points on countries open to foreign ownership of land, property, and/or real estate.
- The United States of America | The Wealthiest 1% of Americans own 40% of the undeveloped land. Foreigners Can Buy. If it’s only the US and you want water, sunlight, and low cost then you’re looking at the sunbelt. Western states like AZ, NM, and CA don’t have a lot of water or are too expensive. But you also run the risk of facing natural disasters from hurricanes/tornadoes. OK, AL, MS, and TN are decent prices. Georgia as well. Texas is overpriced. Texas is a big state so you may be able to get land cheap but not near any big cities. As well as which country you want to live in. And very friendly gun laws. You can own an AR-15 easily.
- The Bahamas | Buying property in the Bahamas is relatively easy, but you should be aware of certain requirements. Non-Bahamians must register any purchase with the Foreign Investments Board, and special permits are required, if the property is land of over 5 acres in size if the property is to be used for rentals-even partially-or if it is to be developed commercially. Foreigners should also register any property investment with the Exchange Control at the Central Bank of the Bahamas if they wish to sell and take the proceeds out of the country in the original currency of the transaction.
- Belize | Government approval from the Ministry of Natural Resources is needed for any property purchase by non-locals, but there are few restrictions. Some coastal areas and cayes are restricted and require municipal approval for freehold sale. As this real estate market is totally unregulated, make sure you get as much help and advice as possible from specialists with experience in property deals in this country.
- Canada | Great taxation benefits. There are few restrictions on foreign ownership of property in Canada, apart from land belonging to the British crown. Some of this land may come up for sale, but will not be freehold. The restrictions tend to be at the provincial or territorial level; on Prince Edward Island, for instance, non-residents need permission to buy more than 5 acres of property, and, in Saskatchewan, the acquisition of property of over 10 acres is not permitted. Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and New Brunswick, the other east coast provinces, as well as the provinces of Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia, do not have restrictions on foreign ownership.
- Honduras | There are some restrictions on owning real estate in Honduras. As an individual foreigner, you are allowed to buy a property not exceeding three-quarters of an acre. Coastal land, and land within 25 miles of international borders, is restricted, but a purchase may be permitted if you obtain approval from the Tourism Institute and start construction within 36 months.
- Mexico | Technically, as a foreigner, you are not allowed to buy real estate within 62 miles of an international border or 31 miles of the coast, but these restrictions can be sidestepped legally, either by buying via a Mexican land trust or via a Mexican corporation. Another issue to be aware of is that ejido land (land granted by the government to Mexico’s indigenous people) cannot be owned by foreigners, and therefore any transaction involving this is fraught with risk and best avoided. $1,500-$2,000 / month for living.
- Nicaragua | You have the same rights as Nicaraguans regarding property ownership, the only areas to be wary of being in the autonomous regions, Regiones Autonomistas, where the government needs to consult the indigenous people.
- Panama | Modern, comfortable, safe. Lush mountain towns. Best retirement destination. temperate weather. $200/sp. ft in the city center. There are a few limitations on what non-Panamanians can buy in terms of real estate. Property within six miles of international borders is out of bounds, and there are restrictions on some island and waterfront property unless it is situated in one of the Tourism Zones. Beachfront properties must provide a right of way. Building over the water also requires a permit with a special concession from the maritime authorities and the Ministry of Finance, with the exception of Isla Contadora in the Pearl Islands.
- Argentina | This market is open to all; there are no restrictions on foreign ownership of property in Argentina. Foreigners have the same rights in this respect as nationals, except for Argentine land near a foreign border. In this scenario, some additional paperwork is required, which may take a little longer.
- Brazil | Non-Brazilians can buy almost any property in Brazil, enjoying similar rights to nationals of this country. There are only restrictions for foreign ownership of property situated in or near areas of national security, near the coast, and near borders with other countries.
- Columbia | Average for $270/month for homes in the suburbs
- Costa Rica | One of the safest. Welcomes foreigners. Good healthcare. Plenty of biomes. education system. $1,500 / month in expenses
- Ecuador | Foreigners wishing to purchase real estate in Ecuador need permission (usually granted) to acquire land within 30 miles of the coast or a border. Certain land considered an area of national security by the government cannot be bought.
- Peru | No restrictions on foreigners wishing to buy property in Peru (unless within 30 miles of the border. Additional costs include a title check, notary fees and deed registration (around $1,500).
- Bulgaria | There are no restrictions for foreigners wishing to buy buildings in Bulgaria, but land is restricted to Bulgarian nationals only. This can be legally circumvented by setting up a Bulgarian company and buying the land through the company. When Bulgaria joins the E.U. (it’s hoping to join in 2007), this restriction is expected to be lifted.
- Croatia | Non-Croatians can purchase real estate in this country if they have approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The approval is issued if Croatian nationals can purchase real estate in the country of the purchaser. This approval can take up to 12 months but can be reduced if the property is bought via a domestic company, which can be entirely owned and controlled by a foreigner.
- Cyprus | In Cyprus, E.U. citizens are allowed to buy an apartment or a villa, and more than one plot of land if they wish. Non-Europeans can buy an apartment or a villa if the villa is on the land of no more than 1 acre. In either case, buyers must apply to the Council of Ministers to enable the transfer of the title deeds to go from a Cypriot to a non-Cypriot, and this permission is granted usually within six months for the purchaser’s personal use of the real estate leasing and commercial uses are restricted.
- The Czech Republic | Real estate may only be acquired by E.U. citizens with a Czech spouse or those who are permanent residents in the Czech Republic. An officially registered legal entity can also buy real estate. These restrictions are expected to be lifted in 2009 when the Republic’s first five years membership of in the E.U. is up.
- Estonia | There are no restrictions for foreigners purchasing property in Estonia. As a buyer here, you also have the first option of acquiring the land on which your property sits. Citizens of the EU, Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein can buy land of up to 24.7 acres with permission from the local county governor. Land can be bought through a foreign corporation, but for large plots of forest, the company needs to be on the Estonian commercial register and to have been active in the forestry or agricultural produce sector for at least three years.
- France | Surprisingly for one of the most bureaucratic countries in Europe, there are no restrictions on who can acquire real estate in France, and you will be treated the same as French citizens when buying property. ID and Cash. Nego with owners carefully. Niche in France. Even non-residents. bank account.
- Greece | One of the most preferred locations in Europe. Any foreigner can own land in Greece. No restrictions. Good to have legal backup. Tax deals avail. Tax Treaty w/ Greece = no double taxes)
- Ireland | Most owned by Britons. Land Prices Have Remained The Same. 12k-15k usd / acre
- Italy | Residency is Optional. Italy Has Friends. As in France, there are no restrictions on who can buy property in Italy.
- Poland | Foreigners, and companies where foreigners have a controlling interest, are free to buy urban plots of up to 1 acre or rural land of 2.5 acres, but an agreement must be obtained from the Polish Ministry of the Interior. This can be waived, however, if you have a permanent resident’s permit and have been living in Poland for five years, or if you have a Polish spouse and have been living in Poland for two years. Permission is generally easily granted.
- Portugal | Porto and Lisbon, Algarve, Azores, beach coastlines. well-developed real estate infrastructure and systematization. well-developed. $200/sq.m in some rural areas)
- Romania | The acquisition of apartments and buildings is unrestricted for foreigners, but the land is not allowed to pass to non-Romanians unless it is via a Romanian company (even 100% foreign-controlled). Some land, such as forest land, reserves, and coastline, cannot be bought by anyone, regardless of nationality.
- Spain |As in France and Italy, there are no restrictions on property ownership for foreigners, with the exception of military land and land near international borders. Heart of Europe, High Standard of Living, Straightforward Purchasing Process, 800k+ = resident visa. $4,500 EU-$6,000 EU / sq.m in Barcelona.
- Japan | Cheap Houses, Free Houses, and Vacant Properties
- Malaysia | Foreigners can buy land at relatively cheap prices.
- Korea | Lease, Rental, and Ownership Systems
- Singapore | Foreigners can only buy “landed” property in Singapore with approval from the Land Dealings Approval Unit. Landed properties in Sentosa Cove are available for sale to foreigners.
- Sri Lanka | Foreigners are permitted to own land, but there is now a 100% transfer tax for foreigners in Sri Lanka, thus effectively doubling the price of the property. This may be circumvented by arranging very long-term leases, or, in condominiums, by buying above a certain story. A recent law has also banned construction within 330 feet of the shore.
- Taiwan | You can only buy land in Taiwan if your home country does the same. Cannot buy land for forestry, water resources, military areas, salt plants, hunting reserves, mineral deposits, and land close to the borders.
- Thailand | Property ownership for foreigners in Thailand is carefully controlled. Without special permission from the Minister of the Interior, foreigners are not allowed to own the land on which any piece of property is found, or to own a condo in a building if 49% of the other condos are foreign-owned. This problem can be resolved in several ways, some more realistic than others. Otherwise, an increasing number of foreigners are considering long-term leasing: A Thai nominee purchases the property with your funds and you enter into a long-term lease of up to 30 years, which can be renewed. The initial period of the lease and subsequent extensions should be clearly stated in the contract, along with the declaration that these have been paid for in advance. An option can be included in the contract to allow you to purchase the land outright if the law changes to allow foreign ownership. Becoming a permanent resident is one other possibility, especially if you are thinking about retiring in this very affordable country. Check the website www.thaivisa.com for details. Beaches, Jungle, City condos
- Australia | Australian citizens and permanent residents can acquire any type of property. Foreigners not living in Australia, and corporations, can acquire up to 50% of residential developments and are permitted to buy new property or land for building as long as construction starts within 12 months of purchase. Older properties can be purchased on the condition that at least an extra 50% of the purchase price is spent on renovation, further construction, or other improvements on the property. In all cases, however, foreign nationals need to obtain approval from the Foreign Investment Review Board. This application should take roughly 40 days. Foreign Investment Policy – Cheap for Farms
- Fiji Islands | The real estate market in this part of the Pacific is unregulated, so, theoretically, foreigners are permitted to buy land and buildings here, but should proceed with caution, as there are a few restrictions. The government actively encourages foreign investment, and there are several schemes to promote tourist developments, but only 8.2% of the land (roughly 142,000 hectares) can be bought the outright freehold, with consent from the Ministry of Lands for land of over 1 acre. The remaining land is available for lease, a small part (8.4%) from the Crown, and the rest from the indigenous people of Fiji. For the purchase of a residential property of less than 1 acre, buyers will need a residence or work permit.
- New Zealand | There are a few restrictions for foreigners wishing to buy property in New Zealand, but they are not too limiting. These restrictions cover non-New Zealanders wanting to acquire more than 12 acres, land of more than 1 acre adjoining or containing “sensitive” land (including reserves, specified islands, and historic or heritage land and lakes), and land of over half an acre on or adjoining the oceanfront. In these situations, the buyer must obtain approval from the Overseas Investment Commission, and, for applications concerning “sensitive land,” from a Minister. The paperwork process is swift and can usually be completed within one month.
- Tahiti | French Polynesia, where Tahiti is found, now enjoys “Overseas Country” status, giving it more autonomy over local affairs, while remaining under French jurisdiction for sectors including real estate. This means that, just as in metropolitan France, foreigners have the same rights as locals when purchasing land or property.
The Global Peace Index ranks the safest countries in the world. This report is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace, “an independent, non-partisan, non-profit organization dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable and tangible measure of human wellbeing and progress.” The report researches countries to determine which are the safest while also ranking the most dangerous.https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/safest-countries-in-the-world
The Top Ten Safest Countries in the World
According to the Global Peace Index, Iceland is the safest country globally for the 13th year in a row. Iceland is a Nordic nation with a relatively small population of 340,000. Iceland has a very low level of crime attributed to its high standard of living, small population, strong social attitudes against crime, a high level of trust in their well-trained, highly educated police force, and a lack of tension between social and economic classes. Iceland does not have a military, and the police do not carry firearms with them (only extendable batons and pepper spray). Iceland also has laws in place to guarantee equality, such as legal same-sex marriage and same-sex adoptions, religious freedom, and equal pay for men and women.
2. New Zealand
New Zealand is the second-safest country in the world. Like Iceland, New Zealand has a very low crime rate, especially violent crime. Theft, however, is a common occurrence, especially for tourists. New Zealand has no deadly animals, unlike its neighbor down-under, Australia, known for having some dangerous wildlife. New Zealand’s score slightly decreased from the year before due to the terror attack on two mosques in Christchurch on March 15, 2019, which killed 51 people. New Zealanders are generally open-minded and have laws in place to prevent abuse of anyone’s freedom of speech or expression. Like Iceland, police in New Zealand do not carry personal firearms.
Portugal comes in third in the most peaceful countries rankings. In 2014, Portugal was ranked 18th globally and has since made huge strides to be ranked third. Unlike Iceland and New Zealand, Portugal has armed police; however, it seems that an increased police presence has resulted in a decreased crime rate in the country. In the past six years, Portugal has made an economic resurgence, decreasing its unemployment rate from over 17% to under 7%. Due in large part to its level of safety, Portugal is ranked as the best country for retirement in 2020 according to the Annual Global Retirement Index.
Austria is the fourth-safest country in the world. Austria’s 2020 score increased slightly by 0.011 points from 2020 but kept its fourth-place ranking. Austria, however, saw a deterioration in the likelihood of violent demonstrations indicator after the election of Sebastian Kurz’s People Party in October of 2017. Due to the country’s political instability, social unrest has increased. Austria, otherwise, is a very safe country to visit. Serious crimes are uncommon, although people should be aware of pickpockets and purse-snatchers. Additionally, Austria has been spared any major acts of terrorism.
Ranked fifth on the Global Peace Index, Denmark is one of the safest and happiest countries in the world. Denmark is one of the few countries where people report feeling safe at any time of day or night, even children. Denmark has a high level of equality and a strong sense of common responsibility for social welfare – two things that contribute to both Denmark’s safety and happiness. Corruption is rare in business or politics, as honesty and trust are top priorities in Denmark. Denmark is also a welfare state, meaning that everyone receives services and perks that help them live comfortable lives. Everyone in Denmark has access to healthcare with no additional fees to them, tuition-free education, and the elderly are provided at-home care helpers.
Canada is the sixth-safest country in the world according to the Global Peace Index, maintaining its position from 2019. Canada received particularly good scores for internal conflicts, levels of crime, and political stability. In addition to good job opportunities, great access to healthcare, and effective government, Canada has some of the most notoriously friendly people in the world. Canada has a crime rate that is about one-third that of its neighbor, the United States (1.6 incidents per 100,000 vs. 4.5 per 100,000 respectively). In a 2018 Gallup survey, 84% of Canadians surveyed said that they felt safe in their country.
Singapore ranks seventh on the GPI. In the same Gallup report from 2018, Singapore residents felt the highest sense of personal security and have positive experiences with law enforcement than any other country. Singapore has one of the lowest crime rates in the world, which is due to severe penalties that are issued for even small crimes. The government and police strictly control guns and other firearms, so violent and confrontational crimes are rare in Singapore. The city-state is also the second-safest city in the world according to the Safe Cities Index from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Singapore ranked first for infrastructure security and personal security, second for digital security, and eighth for health security.
8. Czech Republic
Finishing the top ten safest countries in the world is the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic climbed two spots from its 2019 ranking from ten to eight. Crime rates have steadily decreased over the years, especially violent crimes. This is despite having relatively easy access to weapons in the country. The Czech Republic also has a low impact of terrorism. The country’s fall in rankings is due to its relatively high involvement in foreign conflicts, the high ratio of the number of prisoners per capita, and security forces and police assessment.
The ninth-safest country in the world is Japan. Japan has been in the top ten countries in the Global Peace Index for 13 years, consistently receiving high marks for low crime rates, internal conflict, and political terror. A couple of areas of concern include Japan’s troubled relations with its neighbors and the increasing size and power of the country’s self-defense forces. Japan is known for having limited immigration and limited access to firearms. Japan does not see carrying a firearm to be an individual’s right. According to the Safe Cities Index from the Economist Intelligence Unit, Tokyo is considered the safest city in the world, ranking first in cybersecurity, second for health security, and fourth for infrastructure security and personal security.
Finishing the top ten safest countries is Switzerland, which has a score of 1.366. Switzerland ranks in the top five in the Safety and Security domain, losing one rank from 2019. Along with several other highly peaceful countries, Switzerland ranked amongst the ten highest weapons exporters per capita every year for the last five years. Fortunately, Switzerland ranks fourth globally for food security and is among the ten most peaceful countries for ongoing domestic and international conflict.
There are some commonalities among the safest countries in the world, such as their levels of wealth, social welfare, and education. Additionally, these countries have effective criminal justice systems and governments that maintain very healthy relationships with their citizens. The United States currently ranks 128th in the Global Peace Ranking. The United States’ ranking has fallen every year since 2016 and can be attributed to a decrease in life satisfaction and an increasing wealth gap. When comparing 2020’s report to the previous report released in 2019, a total of 81 countries were more peaceful than they were in the previous year. However, 80 “deteriorations” were reported, indicating that 80 countries were less peaceful in 2020 than in 2019. The average country score deteriorated by 0.34%. Europe remained the most peaceful region in the world, a position it has held for every year of the Global Peace Index.